Romanian Air Force Mission
Romanian Air Force Structure
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When Romania, allied with Germany, went to war against USSR, on 22nd June 1941, the Romanian Military Aviation had 621 airplanes; on the Eastern front Combat Air Group operated with 253 fighter, reconnaissance and bombing airplanes. The air forces accomplished hundreds of missions effectively contributing to liberation of Romanian provinces North Bucovina and Bessarabia from Soviet occupation (USSR's troops occupied them in July 1940). Until Odessa episode, Romanian military aeronautics gained 661 air victories. Romanian Military Aviation fought on the Eastern front until August 22nd, 1944, bringing an important contribution to the great battles in Stalingrad or Crimean and Ukrainian fronts. Between 1941-1944, Romanian airplanes won 2000 air victories. It could be mentioned Captain Prince Constantin Cantacuzino who gained 68 certified victories (acknowledged by the Germans too), and Captain Alexandru Serbanescu, who shot down 60 enemy airplanes, or Lieutenant Tudor Greceanu - 42 victories, Second Lieutenant Ioan Dicezare 40, NCO Ioan Milu - 30, NCO Ion Mucenica - 22, etc.
After 23rd August 1944, when Romania joined the
United Nations, the Military Aviation restructured as Romanian Air Corps
under General Emanoil Ionescu's command (8th September 1944-11th March
1945) and General Traian Burduloiu's (12th March-12th May 1945), brought
its significant contribution to liberation of Romania's North-Western
part, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. From 23rd August 1944 to 12th May 1945,
Romanian Air Corps accomplished 4200 missions, delivering 8300 sorties
and flying 11000 hours. During those missions, crews launched 1360 t bombs
shooting down 126 German and Hungarian airplanes. Other 228 airplanes
were captured by Romanian airmen.
On the Western front, Romanian airmen participated in missions with 415 airplanes, out of which 176 were shot down. Romanian Air Corps along with auxilliary and rear formations lost 729 people. On the whole, Romanian Military Aviation lost 2000 pilots, observers, technical and auxilliary personnel between 1941-1945.
On 1st August 1945, all air units returned home
and General Emanoil Ionescu became Minister of Air, in rank of State Subsecretary.
Based on General Staff Order no. D.L. 01909/15.06.1946
and in accordance with Law no.946/1946, military aviation was once more
subject of an re-organization process. The General Inspectorate of Aeronautics
was established instead of the Air State Sub-Secretariat, and it included
the Division for Education, Culture and Propaganda having under its control
the Aeronautics Command including headquarters, an air division with 4
fleets, an airlift group and Air Training Center.
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